WiCys Challenge 1

Intriguing item in my Slack feeds this morning:

What is it: Weekly challenges from the picoCTF gym in #wsc-ctf-challenge

How it works: Each week a challenge from the picoCTF gym will be shared in #wsc-ctf-challenge with cross post to #general, the following week a solutions thread will be opened for people to discuss their solutions. (Please keep spoilers in thread for people that are solving challenges later)

Challenges will be shared Jan 23nd, Jan 29th, Feb 5th with a zoom walkthrough planned for Feb 12th.

This week’s challenge was entitled ‘Scavenger Hunt’ and led us to a very basic webpage. The hunt was on! As it looks like they’ll be releasing these on Sundays each week, I’ll see where each Sunday leads, and then write up my discoveries.

First step: inspect the HTML through developer tools. There was a comment in the primary webpage that described itself as the first _part_ of the flag. No mention of how many parts.

OK, looking further, I looked at the site’s javascript, which gave me a clue that led me to look at the site’s robot.txt file, which is used to keep Google from crawling the site. That told me I had part 3 of the flag, and mentioned that the next flag was related to the site being an Apache server.

Checked the CSS next, which showed me part 2.

This is where I was stuck for a while. I tried a number of things related to the site being an Apache server.

  • Brute force trying a few potential file paths: admin, README.txt, …
  • Tried running TRACE against the site, after reading a couple of articles [1, 2] which talked about hardening your Apache server: curl -v -X TRACE http://mercury.picoctf.net:27393
  • Tried banner grabbing via nc, since that’s one of the other things the links suggested turning off: nc {ip of box} {port}.. Then immediately followed by HEAD / HTTP/1.0 (also tried 1.1)
  • Tried fuzzing to find unrecognized files: sfuzz -S {site} -p {port} -T -f /usr/share/sfuzz-db/basic.http -L picofuzz.txt -q
    • My plan was to grep the log file for ‘flag’, ‘part’, or even regexs of chars_chars_chars, since the flag structures seemed to look like that
    • I left sfuzz running while I was at church, but it didn’t even retrieve the javascript files or robots.txt
  • Tried directory busting via gobuster dir -w /usr/share/wordlists/dirbuster/directory-list-2.3-small.txt -u http://mercury.picoctf.net:27393
    • No results

Finally I opted to look around and find some other CTF writeups that referenced Apache, in case they led to more angles. I found this one, which mentioned using dirb to identify entry points. Running dirb http://mercury.picoctf.net:27393 turned up an .htaccess file, which had a flag in it and another clue.

The next clue said: “I love making websites on my Mac, I can Store a lot of information there.” I started a looking for ways to find common Mac files. I used to have a Mac, so was used to seeing an extra file or two around, but couldn’t remember what they were called. I started looking for sample .gitignore files for Mac developers, and found this posting which mentioned that “This will ignore any files named .DS_Store, which is a common file on macOS.” Aha – now I see why store was capitalized. Sure enough, browsing for that file gave me another piece of the flag and a message that said I’d completed the scavenger hunt.

One other thing I did try which I’ll want to use again in the future: I used the tool “nikto” which exists to scan web servers for known vulnerabilities. When pointed at the hostname and port, it gave me some information about the system, including the existence of the .htaccess file. It would apparently have also pulled back the banner information from the web server.

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